Composing Strong Term Paper Body Paragraphs

Everyone who has ever written, read or graded a term paper knows that introductions and conclusions have to be strong.  There has to be a hook to engage the reader to make them want to read on past the introduction.  The conclusion has to leave the reader with a feeling that they have not just wasted their time and make them want to do something—a call to action.  However, most forget that the true strength of a paper comes from a body that is well written, crafted, and prepared.

The body of the term paper has to be as strong as the introduction and conclusion, otherwise you will lose the reader mid-stream and they might not be willing to finish the piece.  The body paragraphs have to be constructed in such a way that they will show a piece of evidence or point of view in each one.  Otherwise they will be weak and begin to drag.

To avoid drag and to maintain strength, the student needs to divide each subject of their paper into sections.  Then they should use the inverted pyramid to write these sections.   The student should also utilize the TTEB approach, and induction, deduction reasoning.   Using these techniques will create strong body paragraphs.

Techniques for Strong Body Paragraphs

Use the Inverted Pyramid

The Inverted Pyramid is a technique where the writer takes the most general piece of information, and then will narrow in to focus on the main point.  The broadest point is at the top of the paragraph, the focus narrows down, until the main supporting details of the subject.  Then each section ends with a conclusion.


TTEB is the four elements of a good paragraph.  These elements are Transition, Topic Sentence, Evidence, and Brief wrap-up.  For each new paragraph, the writer will need to transition from the last point.  This allows for good flow of the piece.  The topic sentence will then tell the audience what the paragraph is about.  The evidence gives support to the point the writer is making. This will give the reader a deeper level of thought.  The brief wrap up tells the audience how the information and point connected together.

Use Induction and Deduction

Induction is reasoning that takes the reader from a certain point to a general statement.  Using this type of reasoning in the paper will mean that the writer takes the thesis statement then back it up with the evidence.   

Deduction is reasoning for an argument.  It uses a type of pattern called syllogistic reason.  It works as a three point system.  The first point is the major premise. (The main subject of the paper).  The second point is a minor premise.  (A general ideal).  Then the third point is the conclusion.  (The conclusion of the paper).

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