Science Fiction is a very specific type of literature that recruits a very particular audience of readers. While there are specific literary evaluations of all science fiction, there is also an element of needing scientific evaluation and feedback as well. Science fiction needs a combination of scientific and literary analysis. The structure, and delivery of the literary content needs to follow a certain format and function. However, the scientific facts, which are presented or questioned within the literature, are in need of evaluation and contemplation for the validity of the claims. Science fiction is only as good as the science that is used. While it is fiction, the literature needs to utilize good science to speculate about certain situations.
Even though the writing is completely made up and fictional, really great science fiction employs the use of legitimate and realistic science. This makes the readers feel more appreciated during the course of evaluating the writing and the material that is presented. If all of the science is made up or not factual then the audience is going to write the book off as being silly or not serious. If one would like to be taken seriously as a science fiction writer then the author would have to do some investigating on scientific processes and standards. This would help to take the literature to the next level. A book is more interesting when the situations described could really potentially happen. This is true in common and traditional literature, and it stays true with science fiction literature. Just like when one would write about any topic a degree of research is necessary. Otherwise, when it comes to science fiction, there would be a serious lack of positive feedback from a scientific analysis.
If science fiction is being written, then the equal consideration of the science and the literary analysis is necessary. One must include real science in the writing of science fiction in order to enrich the content of the writing. The content of the writing can be improved by twisting legitimate facts to fit within the story line, or speculate on the results of experiments when one factor is changed slightly. All of the best science fiction that has stood the test of time has speculated the results of real science if there were an additional factor or a slightly different environment of study. Therefore, reality in fiction no matter the genre will enrich the reading experience for the targeted audience.